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Innovation application: 3-Dimensional Human Body Scanning

Title 3-Dimensional Human Body Scanning

3D human body scanners and data processing systems allow to avoid manual actions, to get precise measurements automatically, fast and without contacting a human body. The Institute of Design Technologies offers anthropometric data collection and processing for individuals and groups (target audiences) using VITUS Smart XXL® is a 3D body scanner and data processing system Anthroscan. One complete scan lasts ~12 seconds, that gives measurement values for body girth, length, width and depth - a total of 153 somatometric points.

Keywords human body 3D scanner, anthropometry, data processing, clothing production, 3D image of the human body
Authors Inga Dāboliņa
Eva Lapkovska
Ausma Viļumsone
Department (14D00) Dizaina tehnoloģiju institūts
Statistical Classification of Economic Activities, NACE 2 Manufacture of wearing apparel
Description of the technology

We use stationary VITUS Smart XXL® 3D body scanner (made by Human Solutions GmbH un VITRONIC GmbH) and data processing system Anthroscan. The scanner uses optical triangulation of 4 laser beams.

  • Scanner dimensions: 2100 mm wide, 2100 mm deep and 2950 mm high.
  • Scanning volume: 1100 mm width, 1000 mm depth and 2100 mm height.
  • One scan: lasts ~ 12 seconds.
  • Resolution: 27 dots per cm2.
  • Measurement accuracy: ± 1 mm.

Fig. 1. VITUS Smart XXL® scanner; Location of the test person.

In addition to the automatically acquired 153 measurements, the user can perform unlimited measurements, such as projection distance (between 2 points, between a plane and a point, between several points), the arc length between points (open and closed contours), angular measurements, etc., as well as can get split planes and their measurement. The scanner kit includes scales retractable seat and markers for fixation of certain body points, for example, by studying various dynamic posture of the standard posture. The acquired data can be imported into Excel. Body 3D images can be created as JPEG and AVI files and can be exported to ASCII, OBJ, STL, DXF formats.

Fig. 2. Graphical user interface of Anthroscan; Waist-level splitting plane; 3D body imaging and measurement images.

The hardware and software meet the requirements of following standards: EN ISO 20685:2010 “3-D scanning methodologies for internationally compatible anthropometric databases”; ISO 7250-1:2010 “Basic human body measurements for technological design”; ISO 8559:1989 “Garment construction and anthropometric surveys - Body dimensions” ISO 15535:2013 “General requirements for establishing anthropometric databases” EN 13402 “Size designation of clothes. Primary and secondary dimensions”

Applications Data of human body measurements are used for integration into clothing design, clothing size matching, dimensioning systems development, as well as for ergonomics (mechanical engineering, automotive, designing of premises and objects), sports and medical research. 3D human body images are essential for various virtual environment systems (animations, video games, 3D movies, etc.).
  •  Fast data acquisition process (one scan ~ 12 seconds);
  • High resolution (27 dots / cm2) and measurement accuracy (± 1 mm);
  • A large number of automatic measures - 153 and a wide range of options to make additional to measurements;
  • Touchless measurements;
  • The laser is not harmful to vision;
  • The obtained data are reliable reproduction of the surface of the human body and posture at the moment when a person is scanned;
  • The depiction or model of the acquired human body can be imported into other computer systems.
Technology Readiness Level Actual system proven in operational environment
Partnership offer • Service contracts. • Collaboration contracts.
ID 92
Contact information email: santa.puskarjova@rtu.lv and ilmars.viksne@rtu.lv; phone number: +371 29373757 un +371 29187403