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Publikācija: Influence of Kaolin and Firing Temperature on the Mullite Formation in Porous Mullite-Corundum Materials

Publication Type Full-text conference paper published in conference proceedings indexed in SCOPUS or WOS database
Funding for basic activity Unknown
Defending: ,
Publication language English (en)
Title in original language Influence of Kaolin and Firing Temperature on the Mullite Formation in Porous Mullite-Corundum Materials
Field of research 2. Engineering and technology
Sub-field of research 2.4 Chemical engineering
Authors Ludmila Mahņicka-Goremikina
Ruta Švinka
Visvaldis Švinka
Keywords alumina, mullite, porous ceramic,refractoriness
Abstract The refractory ceramics became very important in both the traditional and the advanced materials applications as it has outstanding thermal and mechanical properties. The refractoriness of ceramics can be achieved by getting the mullite-corundum. Refractory ceramics with high porosity serve as a heat insulator and constructional material. Three series of porous mullite-corundum ceramic samples were prepared from Al2O3 (Nabalox, Germany) and pure SiO2 in 2.57:1 ratio that was conformed to mullite compositions (3Al2O3.2SiO2). α-Al2O3 (d50=4 μm) and γ-Al2O3 (d50=80 μm) were in 1:3 ratio. Quantity of kaolin (MEKA, Germany) was 10, 20 and 30 wt.%. Porous materials were prepared by slip casting of suspension of raw materials, where the aluminium paste (0.18 wt.%) was used as a pore former. Water content in the suspensions was 38-40 wt.%. Pore formation occured in result of hydrogen formation in chemical reaction between aluminium paste and water. The samples were sintered at 1650, 1700 and 1750°C temperature for one hour. SiO2 and γ-Al2O3 on the contrary reduced mechanical properties, but decreased shrinkage. Using of α-, γ-Al2O3, SiO2 and kaolin in correspon ratios the samples with open porosity of 30 to 54 vol% were acquired. The relative amounts of pores depended on the initial content of kaolin and on firing temperature.
DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/25/1/012008
Hyperlink: http://iopscience.iop.org/1757-899X/25/1/012008 
Reference Mahņicka-Goremikina, L., Švinka, R., Švinka, V. Influence of Kaolin and Firing Temperature on the Mullite Formation in Porous Mullite-Corundum Materials. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Latvia, Rīga, 23-25 May, 2011. Riga, Latvia: IOP Publishing, 2011, pp.012008-012008. ISSN 1757-8981. e-ISSN 1757-899X. Available from: doi:10.1088/1757-899X/25/1/012008
Additional information Citation count:
ID 12765