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Publikācija: The Production of Sugar

Publication Type Publications in RTU scientific journal
Funding for basic activity Unknown
Defending: ,
Publication language Latvian (lv)
Title in original language Cukura, cietes, spirta, alkoholisko dzērienu un alus ražošana Latvijā (1944-1990)
Title in English The Production of Sugar, Starch, Spirti, Alchocolic Drinks and Beer in Latvia (1944-1990)
Field of research 6. Humanities and art
Sub-field of research 6.3 Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Authors Uldis Alksnis
Ilgvars Grosvalds
Keywords sugar, starch, spirits, wine, beer
Abstract Pēc 2. pasaules kara Latvijā attīstījās cukura, cietes, spirta, alkoholisko dzērienu un alus ražošana. Jelgavas, Jēkabpils (Krustpils) un Liepājas cukurfabrikas pārstrādāja Latvijas cukurbietes un Kubas ievesto cukurniedru jēlcukuru. 1975. gadā ieguva 256,1 tūkst.t smalko cukuru, tai skaitā 40,2 tūkst.t cukurbiešu cukura un 115,9 tūkst.t cukurniedru jēlcukura. Spirta ražošana attīstījās, savienojot to ar cietes ražošanu. Lielākais spirta ražošanas uzņēmums bija apvienība „Rīgas balzāms”. Cieti ražoja arī Saldus spirta un cietes rūpnīca un Alojas spirta rūpnīca. Augļu un ogu vīnus darināja vīna darītavas „Rīga” un „Veldze”, bet vīnogu vīnus – Rīgas vīnu un šampanieša kombināts.
Abstract in English After the World War II there took place a rapid development of production of sugar, starch, spirit, alchocolic drinks and beer. The sugar factories of Jelgava, Jekabpils (Krustpils) and Liepāja processed Latvia grown sugarbeet and imported from Cuba raw sugar and sugarcane. In 1975 there were produced 256.1 thousand tons of crystalline sugar, of which amount 40.2 thousand tons were produced from sugarbeet and 115.9 thousand tons from raw sugar, obtained from sugarcane. The industry of spirit production was being developed by combining it with the starch production. The biggest enterprise in the field of spirit production was the association „Rīgas Balzāms”, which was ceated by joining Riga factory of production of liquar and alchocol with spirit ans starch factories in Talsi and Iecava. The enterprise included also spirit factories in Kalsnava and Kalkūne, as well as starch factories in Preili and Lizums. Starch was also produced by spirti and starch factory in Saldus and by starch factory in Aloja. In 1975 the total output was 1614 thousand decaliters of spirit and 3614 tons of starch. Fruit and berry wines were produced by wine brewery „Rīga” and „Veldze”, but grape wines – by Riga combined factory of wines and shampagne. In 1975 there were produced 1614 thousand decaliters of spirit, 2435 thousand decaliters of grape wines and 1888 thousand decaliters of fruit and berrywines. The bigest enterprises of beer production „Aldaris”, „Iļģuciems”, „Vārpa”, as well as beer breweries in Daugavpils, Vidzeme, Rēzekne, Liepāja un Cēsis totally produced 9203 thousand decaliters of beer. The most popular brands of beer were Žiguļi, Senču, Marta, Rīgas, Maskavas, Iļģuciems dark beer and Aldaris beer. On the bases of malt there were produced drinks „Veselība” and „Krievu kvass” [1,2].
Reference Alksnis, U., Grosvalds, I. The Production of Sugar, Starch, Spirti, Alchocolic Drinks and Beer in Latvia (1944-1990). The Humanities and Social Sciences. Vol.19, 2012, pp.87-91. ISSN 1407-9291. e-ISSN 2255-8543.
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