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Publikācija: Complexes of Hepatitis B Virus-Like Particles and Silica Nanoparticles for lmprovement of Vaccine Efficiency and Their Time and Temperature Stability

Publication Type Conference paper
Funding for basic activity Unknown
Defending: ,
Publication language English (en)
Title in original language Complexes of Hepatitis B Virus-Like Particles and Silica Nanoparticles for lmprovement of Vaccine Efficiency and Their Time and Temperature Stability
Field of research 1. Natural sciences
Sub-field of research 1.3 Physical sciences
Authors Jurijs Dehtjars
Andris Dišlers
Arta Mežale
Pauls Pumpēns
Regīna Renhofa
Marina Romanova
Dace Skrastiņa
Keywords hepatitis B, silica, nanoparticles, vaccines, virus-like particles, optical absorbance, immunomodulation
Abstract Adherence of hepatitis B virus-like particles (VLP) to silica (SiO2) nanoparticles was explored for immunomodulation purposes. Optical absorbance measurements, transmission electron microscopy and fluorescence microscopy were employed to study the adherence. The results demonstrated that hepatitis B VLP + SiO2 complexes were formed. Preliminary immunological experiment with immunization of Balb/c mice with the VLP only and VLP + SiO2 complexes was performed. lmmunization with VLP + SiO2 complexes resulted in increase in antibody production in mice blood. The amount of antibodies produced depended on concentration of SiO2 nanoparticles. VLP + SiO2 complexes were tested on time and temperature stability. Temperature is important when studying processes happening when the vaccine is inside living organism. The complexes were considered stable until wavelenth-shift in the optical absorbance maximum was observed when increasing time after the preparation or temperature of heating. Two types of VLP were used for preparation of the complexes. The complexes prepared from VLP kept in refrigerator at +4C remained stable during 4 hours after preparation and endured heating up to 43C. However, the complexes prepared from VLP kept in freezer at -18C and unfrozen demonstrated better stability remaining stable during 8 hours and enduring heating up to 45C. The observed results suggest that complexes of hepatitis B VLP and silica nanoparticles can possibly improve efficiency of VLP-based vaccine against hepatitis B viral disease. Time after preparation and heating temperature are factors influencing stability of the complexes.
Reference Dehtjars, J., Dišlers, A., Mežale, A., Pumpēns, P., Renhofa, R., Romanova, M., Skrastiņa, D. Complexes of Hepatitis B Virus-Like Particles and Silica Nanoparticles for lmprovement of Vaccine Efficiency and Their Time and Temperature Stability. In: 14th International Conference-School "Advanced Materials and Technologies": Book of Abstracts, Lithuania, Palanga, 27-31 August, 2012. Kaunas: Technologija, 2012, pp.65-65. ISSN 1822-7759.
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