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Publikācija: Analysis of Various Ventilation Solutions for Residential and Non-Residential Buildings in Latvia and Estonia

Publication Type Publication (anonimusly reviewed) in a journal with an international editorial board indexed in other databases
Funding for basic activity Research project
Defending: ,
Publication language English (en)
Title in original language Analysis of Various Ventilation Solutions for Residential and Non-Residential Buildings in Latvia and Estonia
Field of research 2. Engineering and technology
Sub-field of research 2.1. Construction and transportation engineering
Research platform None
Authors Jurģis Zemītis
Targo Kalamees
Keywords Ventilation, efficiency, cost analysis
Abstract As the newly built and renovated buildings consume less energy for heating needs, due to better and thicker insulation, the relative energy consumption for ventilation increases. This leads to necessity for increased effectiveness of ventilation systems, but such systems are more expensive in installation therefore the most economically feasible solution must be found in each case. A specific attention should be paid to such unclassified buildings as dormitories and barracks where occupancy profile and density differs from residential buildings which are already widely analyzed. This paper presents study results of cost analysis for different ventilation strategies for case study multi-story apartment building in Latvia and Estonia. The compared ventilation strategies include natural ventilation through win-dows, natural ventilation by having inlet valves with natural exhaust, hybrid ventilation with inlet devices in walls and mechanical exhaust, decentralized mechanical ventilation with room based heat recovery, decentralized me-chanical ventilation with apartment based heat recovery and building based centralized ventilation system. For each of these system types installation costs are estimated, based on necessary equipment and actual market prices. Afterwards annual running and maintenance costs are calculated and ob-tained data compared to select the optimal solution. The results show that the most cost effective system in longer time period is centralized ventilation system which serves whole staircase. Although the simpler solutions like natural or hybrid ventilation systems with air inlets through walls and mechanical exhausts are initially cheaper the energy costs to heat up the incoming air are high and therefore cost inefficient in longer time period.
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00662-4_5
Reference Zemītis, J., Kalamees, T. Analysis of Various Ventilation Solutions for Residential and Non-Residential Buildings in Latvia and Estonia. Springer Proceedings in Energy, 2019, No.1, pp.51-61. Available from: doi:10.1007/978-3-030-00662-4_5
ID 28392