Wavelet-Based Output-Only Damage Detection of Composite Structures
Sensors 2023
Rims Janeliukštis, Deniss Mironovs

Health monitoring of structures operating in ambient environments is performed through operational modal analysis, where the identified modal parameters, such as resonant frequencies, damping ratios and operation deflection shapes, characterize the state of structural integrity. The current study shows that, first, time-frequency methods, such as continuous wavelet transform, can be used to identify these parameters and may even provide a large amount of such data, increasing the reliability of structural health monitoring systems. Second, the identified resonant frequencies and damping ratios are used as features in a damage-detection scheme, utilizing the kernel density estimate (KDE) of an underlying probability distribution of features. The Euclidean distance between the centroids of the KDEs, at reference and in various other cases of structural integrity, is used as an indicator of deviation from reference. Validation of the algorithm was carried out in a vast experimental campaign on glass fibre-reinforced polymer samples with a cylindrical shell structure subjected to varying degrees of damage. The proposed damage indicator, when compared with the well-known Mahalanobis distance metric, yielded comparable damage detection accuracy, while at the same time being not only simpler to calculate but also able to capture the severity of damage.

composite structure | modal features | statistical damage detection | wavelet transform

Janeliukštis, R., Mironovs, D. Wavelet-Based Output-Only Damage Detection of Composite Structures. Sensors, 2023, Vol. 23, No. 13, Article number 6121. ISSN 1424-8220. Available from: doi:10.3390/s23136121

Publication language
English (en)
The Scientific Library of the Riga Technical University.
E-mail: uzzinas@rtu.lv; Phone: +371 28399196