Automatization of CT Annotation: Combining AI Efficiency with Expert Precision
Diagnostics 2024
Edgars Edelmers, Dzintra Kažoka, Katrina Boločko, Kaspars Sudars, Māra Pilmane

The integration of artificial intelligence (AI), particularly through machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) algorithms, marks a transformative progression in medical imaging diagnostics. This technical note elucidates a novel methodology for semantic segmentation of the vertebral column in CT scans, exemplified by a dataset of 250 patients from Riga East Clinical University Hospital. Our approach centers on the accurate identification and labeling of individual vertebrae, ranging from C1 to the sacrum–coccyx complex. Patient selection was meticulously conducted, ensuring demographic balance in age and sex, and excluding scans with significant vertebral abnormalities to reduce confounding variables. This strategic selection bolstered the representativeness of our sample, thereby enhancing the external validity of our findings. Our workflow streamlined the segmentation process by eliminating the need for volume stitching, aligning seamlessly with the methodology we present. By leveraging AI, we have introduced a semi-automated annotation system that enables initial data labeling even by individuals without medical expertise. This phase is complemented by thorough manual validation against established anatomical standards, significantly reducing the time traditionally required for segmentation. This dual approach not only conserves resources but also expedites project timelines. While this method significantly advances radiological data annotation, it is not devoid of challenges, such as the necessity for manual validation by anatomically skilled personnel and reliance on specialized GPU hardware. Nonetheless, our methodology represents a substantial leap forward in medical data semantic segmentation, highlighting the potential of AI-driven approaches to revolutionize clinical and research practices in radiology.

radiology; artificial intelligence; computer vision; semantic segmentation; annotation

Edelmers, E., Kažoka, D., Boločko, K., Sudars, K., Pilmane, M. Automatization of CT Annotation: Combining AI Efficiency with Expert Precision. Diagnostics, 2024, Vol. 14, No. 2, Article number 185. e-ISSN 2075-4418. Pieejams: doi:10.3390/diagnostics14020185

Publication language
English (en)
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