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Publikācija: A Novel Laser Technology for Nanostructure Formation in Elementary Semiconductors: Quantum Confinement Effect

Publication Type Conference paper
Funding for basic activity Unknown
Defending: ,
Publication language English (en)
Title in original language A Novel Laser Technology for Nanostructure Formation in Elementary Semiconductors: Quantum Confinement Effect
Field of research 1. Natural sciences
Sub-field of research 1.3 Physical sciences
Authors Artūrs Medvids
Pāvels Onufrijevs
Mykola Dmitruk
Igor Dmitruk
Iryna Pundyk
Keywords nanostructures, Quantum confinement effect, laser technology, photoluminescence, heterostructures, nanohills
Abstract Nowadays, nanostructures are one of the most investigated objects in solid-state physics, especially Quantum confinement effect in quantum dots, quantum wires and quantum wells. In the case of nanosize structures the energy band diagram of semiconductor has strongly changed. This leads to a crucial change of semiconductor properties such as: electrical (due to the change of free charge carrier concentration and electrons’ and holes’ mobility); optical (absorption coefficient, reflectivity index, radiative recombination efficiency); mechanical and heating properties. It is known that in elementary indirect band-gap semiconductors such as Si and Ge radiative electron–hole recombination efficiency strongly enhances in nanostructures due to QCE [1]. Moreover, shift of Photoluminescence (PL) spectrum toward high energy of spectrum, so called “blue shift”, has been predicted [1] and observed in Ge [2] and Si [3] single crystals. A novel laser technology elaborated for nanostructures formation in elementary semiconductors is reported. Nanohills on the surface of Ge single crystal were formed by basic frequency of Nd:YAG laser radiation at intensity of 30.0MW/cm2 [4, 5]. This structure is characterized by patterns related to C6i point group symmetry covering all the surface of the sample and having translations symmetry. In the case of Si single crystals nanohills were formed by the second harmonics of Nd:YAG laser radiation at intensity of 2.0 MW/cm2 [6, 7]. The same nanostructures were induced on the surface of SixGe1-x/Si heterostructures with x = 0.3 and 0.4 by basic frequency of Nd:YAG laser radiation at intensities from 2.0 till 20.0MW/cm2 [8]. The mechanism of nanostructures’ formation on the surface of elementary semiconductors was studied using Atomic force microscope, Electron scanning microscope, Ellipsometry, Photoluminescence and Raman back scattering spectra. Unusual photoluminescence spectrum from the irradiated surfaces was found in the visible range of spectrum. Photoluminescence from Ge, SiO2/Si and SiGe/Si nanostructures can be explained by Quantum confinement effect. A shift of micro-Raman scattering spectra in Ge is a good evidence of this suggestion. Unique asymmetric photoluminescence spectra of the irradiated SiO2/Si structure with gradually decrease intensity in read part of spectra is explained by Quantum confinement effect in nanohills-wires with a graded decrease of diameter toward the top of nanohill. The following mechanism of nanohills formation in Si1-xGex/Si structure by laser radiation is proposed: irradiation of SiGe/Si heterostructure by Nd:YAG laser initiates Ge atoms drift to the irradiated surface due to gradient of temperature - Thermogradient effect. After every laser pulse gradient of temperature increases due to increase of Ge atoms concentration at the irradiated surface and new Ge phase formation occurs at the end of the process. Ge atoms are localized at the surface of Si like a thin film. Self-assembly growth of nanostructure on the irradiated surface takes place by Stransky- Krastanov’ mode. For the first time was shown the possibility of graded band gap structure formation in elementary semiconductors. Thermogradient effect has a main role in initial stage of nanostructures formation by laser radiation in elementary semiconductors.
Reference Medvids, A., Onufrijevs, P., Dmitruk, M., Dmitruk, I., Pundyk, I. A Novel Laser Technology for Nanostructure Formation in Elementary Semiconductors: Quantum Confinement Effect. In: IV Ukrainian Scientific Conference on Physics of Semiconductors: Book of Abstracts, Ukraine, Zaporizhia, 15 Sep-19 Nov., 2009. Zaporizhia: , 2009, pp.136-137.
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