Tungsten-SiO2-Based Planar Field Emission Microtriodes with Different Electrode Topologies
Materials 2023
Līga Avotiņa, Liga Bikse, Jurijs Dehtjars, Annija Elizabete Goldmane, Gunta Ķizāne, Aleksei Muhin, Marina Romanova, Krišjānis Šmits, Hermanis Sorokins, Aleksandrs Viļķens, Aleksandrs Zaslavskis

This study examines the electrical properties and layer quality of field emission microtriodes that have planar electrode geometry and are based on tungsten (W) and silicon dioxide (SiO2). Two types of microtriodes were analyzed: one with a multi-tip cathode fabricated using photolithography (PL) and the other with a single-tip cathode fabricated using a focused ion beam (FIB). Atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis revealed surface roughness of the W layer in the order of several nanometers (Ra = 3.8 ± 0.5 nm). The work function values of the Si substrate, SiO2 layer, and W layer were estimated using low-energy ultraviolet photoelectron emission (PE) spectroscopy and were 4.71 eV, 4.85 eV, and 4.67 eV, respectively. The homogeneity of the W layer and the absence of oxygen and silicon impurities were confirmed via X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The PL microtriode and the FIB microtriode exhibited turn-on voltages of 110 V and 50 V, respectively, both demonstrating a field emission current of 0.4 nA. The FIB microtriode showed significantly improved field emission efficiency compared to the PL microtriode, attributed to a higher local electric field near the cathode.

electrical properties | field emission | field emission cathode | planar field emission microtriode | silicon dioxide | tungsten

Avotiņa, L., Bikse, L., Dehtjars, J., Goldmane, A., Ķizāne, G., Muhin, A., Romanova, M., Šmits, K., Sorokins, H., Viļķens, A., Zaslavskis, A. Tungsten-SiO2-Based Planar Field Emission Microtriodes with Different Electrode Topologies. Materials, 2023, Vol. 16, No. 17, Article number 5781. ISSN 1996-1944. Available from: doi:10.3390/ma16175781

Publication language
English (en)
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