Durability of Biodegradable Polymer Nanocomposites
Polymers 2021
Tatjana Glaskova-Kuzmina, Olesja Starkova, Sergejs Gaidukovs, Oskars Platnieks, Gerda Gaidukova

Biodegradable polymers (BP) are often regarded as the materials of the future, which address the rising environmental concerns. The advancement of biorefineries and sustainable technologies has yielded various BP with excellent properties comparable to commodity plastics. Water resistance, high dimensional stability, processability and excellent physicochemical properties limit the reviewed materials to biodegradable polyesters and modified compositions of starch and cellulose, both known for their abundance and relatively low price. The addition of different nanofillers and preparation of polymer nanocomposites can effectively improve BP with controlled functional properties and change the rate of degradation. The lack of data on the durability of biodegradable polymer nanocomposites (BPN) has been the motivation for the current review that summarizes recent literature data on environmental ageing of BPN and the role of nanofillers, their basic engineering properties and potential applications. Various durability tests discussed thermal ageing, photo-oxidative ageing, water absorption, hygrothermal ageing and creep testing. It was discussed that incorporating nanofillers into BP could attenuate the loss of mechanical properties and improve durability. Although, in the case of poor dispersion, the addition of the nanofillers can lead to even faster degradation, depending on the structural integrity and the state of interfacial adhesion. Selected models that describe the durability performance of BPN were considered in the review. These can be applied as a practical tool to design BPN with tailored property degradationand durability.

Atslēgas vārdi
biodegradable polymers; nanocomposites; durability; biodegradation; environmental ageing; creep; modelling

Glaskova-Kuzmina, T., Starkova, O., Gaidukovs, S., Platnieks, O., Gaidukova, G. Durability of Biodegradable Polymer Nanocomposites. Polymers, 2021, Vol. 13, No. 19, Article number 3375. ISSN 2073-4360. Pieejams: doi:10.3390/polym13193375

Publikācijas valoda
English (en)
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