Luminosity Determination Using Z Boson Production at the CMS Experiment
European Physical Journal C 2024
Kārlis Dreimanis, Antra Gaile, Guntis Pikurs, Andris Potrebko, Markus Seidel, Viesturs Veckalns, CMS Collaboration

The measurement of Z boson production is presented as a method to determine the integrated luminosity of CMS data sets. The analysis uses proton–proton collision data, recorded by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC in 2017 at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV . Events with Z bosons decaying into a pair of muons are selected. The total number of Z bosons produced in a fiducial volume is determined, together with the identification efficiencies and correlations from the same data set, in small intervals of 20 pb-1 of integrated luminosity, thus facilitating the efficiency and rate measurement as a function of time and instantaneous luminosity. Using the ratio of the efficiency-corrected numbers of Z bosons, the precisely measured integrated luminosity of one data set is used to determine the luminosity of another. For the first time, a full quantitative uncertainty analysis of the use of Z bosons for the integrated luminosity measurement is performed. The uncertainty in the extrapolation between two data sets, recorded in 2017 at low and high instantaneous luminosity, is less than 0.5%. We show that the Z boson rate measurement constitutes a precise method, complementary to traditional methods, with the potential to improve the measurement of the integrated luminosity.


The CMS Collaboration, Dreimanis, K., Gaile, A., Pikurs, G., Potrebko, A., Seidel, M., Veckalns, V., ... [et al.] Luminosity Determination Using Z Boson Production at the CMS Experiment. European Physical Journal C, 2024, Vol. 84, No. 1, Article number 26. ISSN 1434-6044. Available from: doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-023-12268-2

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