Analysis of Textile Circularity Potential
Environmental and Climate Technologies 2023
Megija Valtere, Terēza Bezručko, Dagnija Blumberga

Global annual textile consumption has doubled in the last two decades and is expected to keep increasing. Since the textile system operates primarily in a linear way, it is highly polluting and creates a lot of waste. But nevertheless, it has a high potential for circularity since most textile products can be recycled or reused. Today most of the waste ends up in landfills, and less than 1 % is recycled back into textiles. This study aims to gather information and evaluate which textile product group has the highest potential for circular economy growth. It covers three main textile product streams: fashion, home, and technical textiles. The groups were compared using fifteen criteria: environmental impact, washes, landfilled waste, recycled waste, origin of fabric, projected lifetime, market demand, production volume, international trade, labour productivity, value added, energy efficiency of production technologies, innovation capacity, employment, and enterprises. Input values have been found for each sustainability indicator by using and mathematically transforming data from the scientific literature. The evaluation method used in this study was multi-criteria decision analysis. The results indicated that the fashion textile group has the most significant potential for circular economy development, mainly because it is the largest textile product stream, and the development of a circular economy could be cost-effective.

Apparel | circular economy | home textiles | multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) | technical textiles | TOPSIS

Valtere, M., Bezručko, T., Blumberga, D. Analysis of Textile Circularity Potential. Environmental and Climate Technologies, 2023, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp.220-232. e-ISSN 2255-8837. Available from: doi:10.2478/rtuect-2023-0017

Publication language
English (en)
The Scientific Library of the Riga Technical University.
E-mail:; Phone: +371 28399196