Densification of Amorphous Calcium Phosphate Using Principles of the Cold Sintering Process
Journal of the European Ceramic Society 2021
Kristaps Rubenis, Signe Sperga, Jana Vecstaudža, Juris Bitenieks, Jānis Ločs

Despite considerable interest in amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) bioceramics, it remains a challenge to sinter ACP to high relative density. Here, for sintering of ACP, we used principles of the so-called cold sintering process. We investigated the effect of sintering temperature (room temperature, 100, 120 and 150 °C) and presence or absence of transient liquid (20 wt. % water), while holding the pressure applied at 500 MPa, on densification and structure of ACP. Relative density of the samples that were produced from the dry starting powder at room temperature (the samples retained ACP structure) already reached 76.3 (±2.1) %. Neither increased sintering temperature nor the presence of transient liquid significantly affected bulk, true and the resulting relative density values of the samples that retained ACP structure. Our findings indicate that by applying moderate uniaxial pressure, ACP can be sintered to relatively high relative density already at room temperature.

Atslēgas vārdi
Amorphous calcium phosphate, Bioceramics, Cold sintering process, Nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite, Relative density

Rubenis, K., Zemjāne, S., Vecstaudža, J., Bitenieks, J., Ločs, J. Densification of Amorphous Calcium Phosphate Using Principles of the Cold Sintering Process. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 2020, Vol. 41, No. 1, 912.-919.lpp. ISSN 0955-2219. Pieejams: doi:10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2020.08.074

Publikācijas valoda
English (en)
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