Perovskite CH3NH3PbI3-XClxSolar Cells. Experimental Study of Initial Degradation Kinetics and Fill Factor Spectral Dependence
Latvian Journal of Physics and Technical Sciences 2021
Igors Kaulačs, Anastasija Ivanova, A Holsts, Modris Jānis Roze, A Flerov, Andrejs Tokmakovs, Igors Mihailovs, Mārtiņš Rutkis

The main drawback of the methylammonium lead halide perovskite solar cells is their degradation in ambient atmosphere. To investigate ambient-air-induced cell degradation, spectral dependencies of open-circuit voltage (VOC), fill factor (FF) and the power conversion efficiency (PCE) have been acquired (for the first time reported in literature). Our custom-made measurement system allowed us to perform measurements of the abovementioned entities in situ directly in vacuum during and after thermal deposition of the electrode. We also studied how these parameters in vacuum changed after cell exposure to ambient air for 85 min (50 nm top electrode) and for 180 min (100 nm top Ag electrode). For fresh CH3NH3PbI3-xClx cell (never been in open air) with very high shunt resistance of 3·107 ω·cm2 (with practically no shorts and therefore FF could be determined mainly by charge carrier recombination processes) we found that FF in vacuum increased along with an increase of the incident photon energy from 0.55 at 760 nm up to 0.82 at 400 nm. Hypothesis considering hot polaron participation in charge carrier photogeneration and recombination processes as well as another competing hypothesis were offered as possible explanations for the observed FF increase. The kinetics of short-circuit photocurrent EQE with a change in pressure was also investigated. It was also shown that perovskite solar cell degradation could be noticeably reduced by increasing the top Ag electrode thickness to at least 100 nm, which could possibly facilitate the usual encapsulation process.

Atslēgas vārdi
Degradation kinetics; fill factor spectral dependence; lead halide perovskite; power conversion efficiency; solar cells

Kaulačs, I., Ivanova, A., Holsts, A., Roze, M., Flerov, A., Tokmakovs, A., Mihailovs, I., Rutkis, M. Perovskite CH3NH3PbI3-XClxSolar Cells. Experimental Study of Initial Degradation Kinetics and Fill Factor Spectral Dependence. Latvian Journal of Physics and Technical Sciences, 2021, Vol. 58, No. 1, 53.-69.lpp. ISSN 0868-8257. Pieejams: doi:10.2478/lpts-2021-0006

Publikācijas valoda
English (en)
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