Smooth Polymers Charge Negatively: Controlling Contact Electrification Polarity in Polymers
Nano Energy 2022
Osvalds Verners, Linards Lapčinskis, Līva Ģērmane, Aarne Kasikov, Martin Timusk, Kaspars Pudzs, Amanda V. Ellis, Peter C. Sherrell, Andris Šutka

Contact electrification is a powerful tool to harvest energy from mechanical motion. However, current models of contact electrification at polymer | polymer interfaces only explain charge transfer for contact between chemically dissimilar polymers. Recently, strong contact electrification between chemically identical polymer surfaces has been observed. Understanding contact electrification between chemically identical polymers is a key issue in developing a wholistic model for polymer triboelectrification. Herein, we present a combined experimental and computational approach to develop a model of the contact electrification between chemically identical polymers. The model developed describes how the relative surface roughness influences surface charge. The chemically identical polymer surfaces show an increase in the surface charge when the difference in surface roughness is increased. Further, the roughest surface was found to present a positive surface charge, and the smoother surface a negative charge. These observations were justified though modelling of a consistently lower strain in rougher surfaces during contact-separation. Molecular dynamics simulations demonstrated the relationship between this strain with bond-scission and charged material transfer. It was found that a negative charged fragment has a higher statistical probability to be transferred due to smaller scission / desorption energies. This comparison of surface roughness can be extended to dissimilar polymer interfaces and will enable engineering of highly efficient triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) devices in the future.

Atslēgas vārdi
Contact electrification | Covalent bond scission | Material transfer | Polymer | Reactive molecular dynamics | Steered molecular dynamics

Verners, O., Lapčinskis, L., Ģērmane, L., Kasikov, A., Timusk, M., Pudzs, K., Ellis, A., Sherrell, P., Šutka, A. Smooth Polymers Charge Negatively: Controlling Contact Electrification Polarity in Polymers. Nano Energy, 2022, Vol. 104, Article number 107914. ISSN 2211-2855. Pieejams: doi:10.1016/j.nanoen.2022.107914

Publikācijas valoda
English (en)
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