Optimization and Degradation Studies of Cellulose Transesterification to Palmitate Esters in Superbase Ionic Liquid
Carbohydrate Research 2024
Nutan Sawale, Elvira Tarasova, Ilia Krasnou, Marina Kudrjašova, Vitālijs Rjabovs, Indrek Reile, Ivo Heinmaa, Andres Krumme

Cellulose palmitates (CPs) were synthesized with varying degrees of substitution (DS) via a catalyst-free, homogeneous transesterification of cellulose in a novel superbase ionic liquid (SB-IL) system, specifically 5-methyl-1,5,7-triaza-bicyclo[4.3.0]non-6-enium acetate [mTBNH][OAc], combined with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) as a co-solvent, using vinyl palmitate as the acylating agent. We examined the influence of reaction temperature, reaction time, and the molar ratio of vinyl palmitate to anhydroglucose unit (AGU) on the DS, which ranged from 0.5 to 2.3 under the given conditions. Notably, the reaction order of the three hydroxy groups was C6–OH > C2–OH > C3–OH. To elucidate the chemical structure of CPs and confirm the transesterification process, various spectroscopic techniques including 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), 13C NMR, heteronuclear single quantum correlation (HSQC), and solid-state NMR were employed. Higher reaction temperatures and extended reaction times led to a decrease in the DS of CPs, potentially due to the degradation of some of the involved chemicals during the transesterification process. We also investigated the stability of the pure ionic liquid (IL) and the IL + DMSO solvent system at elevated temperatures by heating them at 100 °C for 5 h, confirming their chemical integrity through 1H NMR analysis. Additionally, we assessed the compatibility between the solvent system and cellulose by subjecting a mixture of cellulose and the solvent system to 100 °C for 5 h. To compare the structures of untreated cellulose and regenerated cellulose, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy was employed. Furthermore, we determined the molar mass of both untreated cellulose and regenerated cellulose, as well as CPs synthesized at higher reaction temperatures and longer durations, using intrinsic viscosity measurements. Lastly, we examined the solubility properties of CPs.

Atslēgas vārdi
Cellulose palmitates | Co-solvent | FT-IR | Intrinsic viscosity | NMR | [mTBNH][OAc]

Sawale, N., Tarasova, E., Krasnou, I., Kudrjašova, M., Rjabovs, V., Reile, I., Heinmaa, I., Krumme, A. Optimization and Degradation Studies of Cellulose Transesterification to Palmitate Esters in Superbase Ionic Liquid. Carbohydrate Research, 2024, Vol. 537, Article number 109047. ISSN 0008-6215. Pieejams: doi:10.1016/j.carres.2024.109047

Publikācijas valoda
English (en)
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